Tantallon, East Lothian: Exploring a castle on the edge

Standing on the edge of East Lothian — with golden fields to your back, the Bass Rock ahead of you, and slim Fife on the horizon — you can almost imagine that this landscape has barely changed in centuries.

Aside from the new roads and oil rigs floating out at sea, there’s one part of this rocky coastline which has seen its fair share of gunfire, rivalry and rebuilding: right here, at Tantallon Castle.

The curtain wall & pigeon house (a pretty good picnic spot)
The curtain wall & pigeon house (a pretty good picnic spot)

Constructed in the mid-fourteenth century, Tantallon was the home — and later defensive fortress — of the Douglas lineage.

It’s obvious why the castle’s creator William (the first Earl of Douglas) chose this wild and windy spot, as three sides of Tantallon are naturally guarded by plunging sandstone cliffs. On the fourth side is a fifteen-metre, twelve-foot thick curtain wall, which was the last of its kind to be built in medieval Scotland.

Add to this the gatehouse with its repeating chunky walls and former four stories of accommodation, and — regardless of the crumbling — you can easily picture how incredible this castle must have been.

The view from Tantallon to Bass Rock
The view from Tantallon to Bass Rock

Now, as if Tantallon itself wasn’t impressive enough, how about those views out to the world’s largest Northern gannet colony?

Bass Rock — like the neighbouring North Berwick Law — is a volcanic plug, although its cliffs are far steeper. Diving down, around and into its hidden caves are the gannets which (with a zoom lens) you can watch swooping like confetti around the rock.

If Tantallon is a measure of what medieval man can create, then Bass Rock testifies to the unmatched force of nature.

Exploring the north range (and that light!)
Exploring the north range (and that light!)

Inside the castle itself, we’re still as astounded. The accommodation and defensive quarters extend not just into the curtain wall and towers, but are again built upwards in the North Range.

There is a bakehouse and kitchen on the ground floor, a great hall on the first floor and — in a damp and deep dug-out — is the prison, which was underneath the Douglas Tower (a gigantic seven floors of plush rooms for aristocrats).

You can still climb the narrow spiral staircases and walk along the curtain wall, a feat that brought out the acrophobic in my partner.

Watching the gannets swoop around Bass Rock
Watching the gannets swoop around Bass Rock

Tantallon is remarkably well preserved for a castle of its age, especially having undergone several attacks.

Although some of the decay is due to old age, the scars from fifteenth- and sixteenth-century sieges have been patched up (these are the slightly ‘green’-looking lumps of stonework).

Finally though, it was the attack from Cromwell’s army in 1651 that left Tantallon Castle in a state of relative collapse and therefore inhabitation.

Yet, centuries later, Tantallon remains one of Scotland’s medieval jewels, a ruby contrast to the glinting white Bass Rock further out in the wild Firth of Forth.

Looking back towards the gatehouse & curtain wall
Looking back towards the gatehouse & curtain wall

How to get to Tantallon Castle

From Edinburgh, drive north-east on the A1 and — just after East Linton — turn left and follow the A198 to Tantallon (45-55 minutes). If you don’t have a car (or a willing taxi driver, like me!) you can take the train to North Berwick and then jump on the 120 Dunbar bus. This will take you about 80 minutes. View map.

What time of year to visit

I’d say summer. Not only is the weather better in summer (and certainly has been warmer the past few weeks) but you’ll be able watch the swallows dive in and out of the castle ruins and pigeon house. With Tantallon and Bass Rock as a backdrop, it makes for a pretty breathtaking sight.

What it’ll cost you to get in

If you’re a member of Historic Environment Scotland then entry is free. Otherwise, admission is £5.50 (adult) or £3.30 (child).

Where to eat afterwards

We had a pit stop at the local supermarket for supplies before we went to Tantallon, meaning we could enjoy the summer sunshine with a picnic on the grassy outer court. If a rough-and-ready lunch isn’t your thing, or if the weather isn’t on your side, give The Lobster Shack or Osteria in nearby North Berwick a whirl.

Oh, and when you’re heading home, you can’t not stop at the legendary S. Luca’s gelateria in Musselburgh. I think Vanilla Joe’s in the west coast town of Irvine may just have the edge, but Luca’s vanilla is pretty moreish too…

A snack on the route home at S. Luca's in Musselburgh
A snack on the route home at S. Luca’s in Musselburgh

Where are your favourite places to visit in East Lothian?


6 responses to “Tantallon, East Lothian: Exploring a castle on the edge”

  1. Thank you for this info, especially about the public transport. I’m planning a visit to Tantallon at the end of September…I’m a “Red Douglas.” 😉

  2. Hi Laura,
    Thank you! This one is going to be on my list. I am leaving in 3 weeks, then my journey through Scotland begins. And I actually was planning to drive the east coast route, and stop at Rosslyn Chapel. Now I will add Tantallon to my list.
    First stop, an air bnb in st andrews or near Glasgow (still have to book something) After that hostels in/near Oban, Fort William, Mallaig (also because of your blog), Inverness, Pitlochry (for the enchanted forest). So any low budget advice and places for foodies (if they aren’t on your blog yet)and live music venues are welcome 🙂
    Maybe we will cross paths, that would be fun!
    kind regards,

    • Hi Corina! Thanks for commenting 🙂 Sound like you’ve got an amazing trip planned, are you excited for it?

      I would definitely add Tantallon/Bass Rock to the list, they’re pretty spectacular! Also great to hear that you’re heading up to Mallaig because of my blog (don’t miss Arisaig and the beaches either! You can park at Camusdarach and walk down, that’s all free).

      In terms of low budget advice, I would say that B&Bs or Airbnb are good bets for cheaper accommodation and for food, local pubs tend to have good food and large portions for pretty decent prices (especially compared to what you’ll get in the cities).

      In Oban I can personally recommend Coast (they do a 2 or 3 course menu for a reduced price) and in Mallaig the Cornerstone is good (but expensive, so you might be better grabbing fish & chips from Jaffy’s next to the train station!)

      I would also bear in mind that entry to castles and historic monuments can be quite expensive (i.e. Edinburgh Castle costs £16.50 for an adult to get in, which is INSANE). If you’re planning on doing quite a lot of historic monuments you’d be best getting a Historic Scotland Explorer Pass (which is £30 for 5 days and a crazy saving if you’re visiting a lot of places). The National Trust fro Scotland also do a similar thing. Here’s the link! https://www.historicenvironment.scot/visit-a-place/explorer-passes/#section-2

      If you have any specific questions please just ask away, and if you end up in Edinburgh ping me a message – that’s where I’m based! 🙂 The best of luck for your trip, I’m very jealous of what you’ve got planned – sounds great! Best wishes,

      Laura x

    • Hi Camila! How are you? Thanks for commenting 🙂 (I need to work on my commenting game, I’ve been missing out on so many blog posts from other people lately!) I love this castle, we’ll definitely be back! And wow, I bet that was a sight to see it dark and stormy… Pretty atmospheric! Might try and recreate a winter visit for myself this year 🙂

Leave a reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s